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Wednesday, January 24: Andvord Bay

The Hanseatic was cruising close to the mountainous coast of the Antarctic Peninsula when I woke up the next morning. Glaciers filled all the valleys and topped the peaks of all the mountains. The only ice-free, rock surfaces were the cliffs facing the water in the fjord that we were sailing into. A gloomy overcast was suspended over the mountains.

The ship had entered Andvord Bay on the Antarctic Peninsula. Ice-capped mountains rose sharply from the water on both sides of the ship. The ship dropped anchor just a few hundred yards from the blue face of Arago Glacier, near Neko harbor at the end of the fjord. The glacier was flowing down a slope that was so steep that the ice had been broken into a jumbled icefall.

Debbie and I walked down the hall to the Marco Polo Restaurant to have breakfast. We were munching on lox and eggs when the broad back of a Minke Whale surfaced just a few yards outside the window. The whale blew a spout and gently submerged again. It continued to surface and blow several times as it moved slowly away from the ship. Another Minke Whale was spouting in the water near the base of the glacier.

Neko Harbor at Andvord Bay The Zodiacs landed on a bare rock point at the head of the bay. A glacier was draped over the rock outcrop. The snow near the base of the glacier was stained red and green by a bloom of ice algea.

Brian at Andvord Bay Brian silhouetted against the ice of Arago Glacier.

Andvord Bay was the prettiest stop on the cruise. There was beautiful scenery in all directions.

Every so often as we hiked around on the shore, we heard a sharp crack. Turning to look for the source of the sound, we saw chunks of ice tumbling into the water along the face of the glacier. Some of the falling ice raised waves that rolled outward from the icy wall.

Gentoo Penguins at Andvord Bay Blue sky could be seen through breaks in the clouds over the distant mountains.

Hanseatic at anchor in Andvord Bay The Hanseatic was anchored a short distance from the face of Arago Glacier.

Andvord Bay panoramaPanoramic view of Andvord Bay.

Gentoo Penguins at Andvord Bay There is a Gentoo Penguin rookery located on the rocks above the beach.

Hear the sound Hear the Gentoo Penguin.

Gentoo Penguin at Andvord Bay Gentoo Penguins were the only kind of penguin that we saw both in the Falkland islands and the Antarctic.

Gentoo Penguins at Andvord Bay Penguins were waddling into the shallow water off the beach.

Gentoo Penguins at Andvord Bay Adult Gentoo Penguins were waddling all over the ice-strewn beach, but eventually they all worked their way to the rookery farther up the hill near the foot of a small glacier. The chicks were all located up at the rookery.

Hear the sound Hear another Gentoo Penguin.

Argentine Refugio Hut at Andvord Bay A small wooden shack, painted orange, was perched on the rocks above the shore. It was a refugio. The Argentines had built it as a shelter for people stranded in the harbor. It was equipped with bunks and supplies, but the floor was rotting and partially collapsed. A Sheathbill had made its nest under a wooden box next to the shack. Limpet shells littered the ground in and around the nest.

Weddell Seals at Andvord Bay A pair of Weddell Seals cruised slowly past the Kelp Gulls along the shoreline, unconcerned by the human activity on shore.

Hear the sound Hear the Kelp Gulls.

I was riding back to the Hanseatic from our landing in a Zodiac with Dad and Elaine, and Arte Johnson and his wife, Gisela, when the glacier dropped an iceberg into the water about 1/4 mile from us. I had just put away my video camera to prepare to climb onto the gangway. I thought that we might get swamped by the wave, so I left my camera in the bag until the waves were past. Mrs. Johnson still had her camera out and had the presence of mind to get some pictures of the ice fall.

Icefall at Andvord Bay The iceberg raised a tall breaking wave. Photo courtesy Gisela Johnson.

Hear the sound Hear a smaller ice fall.

Icefall at Andvord Bay The wave was capped with chunks of ice that were bigger than our boat. Photo courtesy Gisela Johnson.

Icefall at Andvord Bay Captain Notke blew a long blast on the ship's horn to warn everybody in boats and on shore. People loading into a Zodiac on the side of the ship facing the glacier had to quickly run back up the gangway, and the driver hurriedly maneuvered the Zodiac around to the other side of the ship. Photo courtesy Gisela Johnson.

Icefall at Andvord Bay Heinrich, our zodiac driver, headed for shelter behind the Hanseatic. The waves hit the Hanseatic before they reached us. The ship bobbed like a toy boat. First the wave lifted its bow. The gangway on the starboard side of the ship was submerged. Water reached the sill of the door into the ship, which was on the deck above the lower row of portholes that are visible in this picture. People in the crew's quarters would have seen green water outside their portholes for several seconds. Photo courtesy Gisela Johnson.

Icefall at Andvord Bay The bow of the Hanseatic slipped down into the trough behind the first wave, raising its stern out of the water. Photo courtesy Gisela Johnson.

Icefall at Andvord Bay When the first wave reached our Zodiac, it was a really huge appearing swell with a very steep face. When we were in the trough of the swells, the crests loomed over our heads, but the Zodiac rode smoothly over the waves, and we didn't get swamped at all. Photo courtesy Gisela Johnson.

Waves after the iceberg calving at Andvord Bay Several large swells lifted and dropped our zodiac before the waters of the harbor calmed down. I pulled out the video camera and resumed shooting after the first couple of waves had passed us.

We could see the waves breaking on the shore that we had just departed. People arriving in a Zodiac on the beach had to run for high ground. The driver of that Zodiac turned it around just in time to meet a tsunami that tipped the bow of his boat up almost to the vertical.

Heinrich brought us to the launching platform, and we climbed back onto the ship.

Slush ice in Andvord Bay Very soon the ship was surrounded by slush ice that prevented the other zodiacs from docking.

New iceberg in Andvord Bay Captain Notke slowly turned the ship around and moved away from the glacier, so that the other zodiacs could bring their passengers back aboard.

New iceberg in Andvord Bay Passengers in one Zodiac were treated to a close examination of the brand new iceberg. Later, it was stated that the Hanseatic had never been anchored so close to a calving iceberg.

Ice Fall at Andvord Bay An iceberg-sized chunk of ice fell away from a glacier at the top of a mountain above the bay. It was broken into small bits as it fell down the rocky face. The ice bits followed the channels in the rocks and eventually streamed over the glacier at the bottom of the cliff into the water of the bay. The ice piled up like a giant snow cone on the water.

Cape Petrel at Andvord Bay Small, black and white Cape Petrels cruised low over the dark water around the ship.

There were a several Minke Whales in the harbor with us.

Minke Whale in Andvord Bay Throughout the afternoon, the Minke Whales surfaced regularly a few hundred yards from the ship. They did not appear to be moving very quickly. They just surfaced, blew, and then submerged again leaving a circular footprint and almost no wake.

Minke Whale at Andvord Bay Every so often one of them would lift its flukes out of the water as it began a particularly deep dive.

Andvord Bay The anchor was lifted and we cruised slowly back out of the bay.

Andvord Bay Our landing was made on the light colored rocks just to the right of the center of the picture.

Andvord Bay panorama Panoramic view looking back toward Neko Harbor.

Andvord Bay The small bits of ice floating in the bay snapped and crackled surprisingly loudly in the sunlight, sounding like a big bowl of Rice Crispies.

Young Iceberg in Andvord Bay This fresh iceberg hadn't developed much of an indentation at the waterline yet.

Map of the Neumayer Channel and the Lemaire Channel Map of the West Coast of the Antarctic Peninsula.

Next chapter: Wednesday, January 24: Antarctic Peninsula

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